# International paper sizes

The international paper standard is the ISO 216 standard. The ISO 216 standard is based on the German DIN 476 standard for paper sizes. More background information and history about the ISO 216 standard can be found here. The international paper sizes are divided into A, B and C series. All sizes within the ISO standard are based on a length/width ratio. The slanted side is √2 of 2​1⁄2.

### The A-standard

With the A-Standard of paper, each successive size in the series has twice as large or small an area. The ratio is 2:1. If you cut a sheet of paper in the width into two equal pieces, two sheets of paper with the same ratio will be created.

The ratio between the long side and the short side is the square root from 2 (√2). This is about 1.414. This ratio is also called the Lichtenberg ratio.

With the A-Standard of paper, each successive size in the series has twice as large or small an area. The ratio is 2:1. If you cut a sheet of paper width into two equal pieces, two sheets of paper with the same ratio will be created. The area of a sheet of A0 paper is exactly 1 square meter (m²). The A0 size is the first of the A-series paper sizes. Because an A1 is half the size of an A0, and A1 has a surface area of half a square meter (m²). An A2 has half the surface area of an A1, and so on. It follows that an A6 has a surface area of ½ × ½ × ½ × ½ × ½ × ½ 1/64 m².

The surface area is equal to the length x width. From this it follows: O = L x B. Also the length-width ratio can be displayed with L / B = √2. This formula can also be written as L = B x √2.

### ISO 216 A Series

The table below shows the ISO 216 A series per size in inches and millimeters.

Size mm x mm inch x inch
A0 841 × 1,189 33 18 × 46 1924
A1 594 × 841 23 38 × 33 18
A2 42r0 × 594 23 38 × 33 18
A3 297 × 420 11 1724 × 16 1324
A4 210 × 297 8 14 × 11 1724
A5 148 × 210 5 56 × 8 14
A6 105 × 148 4 18 × 5 56
A7 74 × 105 2 1112 × 4 18
A8 52 × 74 2 124 × 2 1112
A9 37 × 52 1 1124 × 2 124
A10 26 × 37 1 124 × 1 1124

### The B standard

The ISO 216 B series are the same as the A-Series, with the same ratio. The difference between the A-Series and the B-Series is that the surface area differs per size. A B0 has a width of exactly 1 meter (100 centimetres).

In practice, the B-series is used much less often than the A-series. An example of the use of the B-series is posters. A poster has a surface area of a B2 size. This is 50 x 70 centimetres. Books often have a B5 size and passports a B7 size. B4, B5 and B6 are often applied to envelopes used for the C-series.

### ISO 216 B-series

The table below shows the ISO 216 B series per size in inches and millimeters.

Size mm x mm inch x inch
B0 1,000 × 1,414 39 38 × 55 23
B1 707 × 1,000 27 56 × 39 38
B2 500 × 707 19 23 × 27 56
B3 353 × 500 13 1112 × 19 23
B4 250 × 353 9 56 × 13 1112
B5 176 × 250 6 1112 × 9 56
B6 125 × 176 4 1112 × 6 1112
B7 88 × 125 3 1124 × 4 1112
B8 62 × 88 2 1124 × 3 1124
B9 44 × 62 1 34 × 2 1124
B10 31 × 44 1 524 × 1 34

### The C standard

The C series is defined in the ISO 269 standard. The C series is mainly used for envelopes. The area of the C series is the geometric mean of the A and B series with the same number. For example, a C4 is the geometric mean of the areas of an A4 and a B4 paper. A C4 is slightly larger than an A4 and slightly smaller than a B4. An A4 paper fits in a C4 envelope and an A4 and C4 fit in a B4 envelope.

### ISO 216 C-series

The table below shows the ISO 216 C series per size in inches and millimeters.

Size mm x mm inch x inch
C0 917 × 1,297 36 112 × 51 112
C1 648 × 917 25 12 × 36 112
C2 458 × 648 18 124 × 25 12
C3 324 × 458 12 34 × 18 124
C4 229 × 324 9 × 12 34
C5 162 × 229 6 38 × 9
C6 114 × 162 4 12 × 6 38
C7 81 × 114 3 524 × 4 12
C8 57 × 81 2 14 × 3 524
C9 40 × 57 1 712 × 2 14
C10 28 × 40 1 112 × 1 712